Social Ecological Model ( Sem )

1265 WordsDec 8, 20166 Pages
Social Ecological Model (SEM) Individual The Health Belief Model was one of the largest influences on dengue prevention practices in a study by Wong, Shakir, Atefi, and AbuBakar (2015). They found “that higher perceived susceptibility to dengue was associated with higher dengue prevention practices. Thus, low perceptions of risk may reduce motivation to take action against dengue” (Wong et al., 2015). Individuals who do not believe they are very susceptible to dengue will not engage in protective activities to lower their risk. Examples of preventative methods include: covering water containers, changing stagnant water weekly, and periodically emptying out containers of water (Wong et al., 2015). Numerous studies have found that there are more reported cases of dengue in females than in males. For instance, Karunakaran et al. (2014) report that “in two studies, females had higher rates of mortality due to dengue; in the first study, girls had a higher risk of mortality, and in the second study, adult females constituted 90% of the deaths” (p. 118). Furthermore, Heukelbach, De Oliveira, Kerr-Pontes, and Feldmeier (2001) stated “in several epidemics in Brazil, the attack rates in females were higher” (p. 640). However, one possible explanation for the difference in incidence and mortality rates between males and females could be that women are more aware of and more likely to report their health concerns (Heukelbach et al., 2001). Additionally, “the greater mortality in
Open Document