Social, Economic, And Political Factors During The Middle Ages

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The Middle Ages was the period of European history from the 5th to the 15th century during the fall of the Western Roman empire. During the central Middle Ages, social, economic, and political structures were rediscovered and organized. Although Europe suffered disasters of famine and war in the 14th century the main social, economic, and political structures remained the same. Europe began to experience its revival between the 15th and 16th century. The Middle Ages ended with the Renaissance period. While Christians stressed the importance of individuality and human equality, secularism and individualism continued to rise and mark the Renaissance society. The middle classes and peasant populations both believed it was possible to change their standard of living. They no longer subjected to inflexible social position as they began to improve their social class and lifestyle through new ideas and hard work.
During the 14th century, natural disasters struck Europe leaving citizens sick and in poverty. In addition, The Black Death, a bacillus carried by fleas on black rats struck and spread into Russia, Sicily, and other parts of Europe killing around 20 million people. The Black Death, however, brought new opportunities since a smaller population led to lesser need for cultivating lands. As a result, changes in agriculture began to evolve contributing to a better standard of living. The power and wealth of landlords, whose dominance was based on land were threatened
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