Social Exclusion

1946 WordsJan 2, 20138 Pages
Examine a model of social exclusion/inclusion and assess the possible responses of both psychology and the church to this model. In this essay I will give a brief definition of social exclusion and will identify and define a model of it. Having defined the model I will identify some of its characteristics and show some of the ways it manifests itself. I will then assess the possible responses to this model of both psychology and the church. There are several definitions of social exclusion. The Office for Social Inclusion, Dublin defines it thus: ‘Social exclusion is being unable to participate in society because of a lack of resources that are normally available to the general population.’ (2007) [Online] The…show more content…
To discover one’s strengths one can go on line and take the VIA Classification of Strengths and Virtues questionnaire (Values in Action). The VIA distinguishes strengths from talents, although the distinction in not clear cut. Seligman argues that if we use our signature strengths then we will experience gratification and authentic happiness. (Carr 2004). Character strengths and virtues are a useful tool for the pastoral carer - the church itself uses them, but it has limits. Using and promoting strengths can encourage and build people up, but people need to have a realistic picture of their strengths and weaknesses. Growth as a person can come from the negative side of life as well as the positive. Seligman points out that despite the importance of good character, scholars have neglected this topic throughout much of the 20th Century. (Seligman 2002 chapter 8) Positive Psychology has refocused scientific attention on character, identifying it as one of the pillars of this new field and central to the understanding of the psychological good life. (Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi 2002 cited in Donaldson et al., 2011). Seligman and colleagues began by looking for strengths and virtues that are ubiquitous, that are valued in virtually every culture. They discovered six virtues that were acknowledged and important to all. These were wisdom and knowledge, Courage, Humanity, Justice, Temperance and Transcendence. In addition 24
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