Social Exclusion vs. Poverty Essay

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There are many factors that contribute towards social exclusion in the United Kingdom. Not all of these factors are as straightforward as each other. By considering these causes, I will be able to explain why poverty is not the same as social exclusion.

It states in the "Introduction of Labour's next steps: tackling social exclusion", that social exclusion is about more than poverty and unemployment, it is also about being cut off and neglected by the rest of society.

The Social Exclusion Unit states that the definition of social exclusion is a shorthand term for what can happen when people or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems. They also state that the key aspect of social
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Many would argue that there is no Absolute Poverty in Britain and that it only exists in third-world countries. Many homeless people in Britain would disagree, as they live in cardboard box communities, and are fed from soup kitchens, which is perhaps as absolute as you could get.

A definition of Absolute poverty would be:

" a condition characterised by severe deprivation of basic human needs,

including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter,

education and information. It depends not only on income but also on

access to services."

(Tackling Social Exclusion- John Pierson)

A definition of Relative poverty would be:

" the poor shall be taken to mean persons, families and groups of persons

whose resources (material, cultural and social) are so limited as to

exclude them from the minimum acceptable way of life of the Member

State in which they live."

(Tackling Social Exclusion- John Pierson)

Although social exclusion and poverty go hand in hand, they are not the same thing. For example, Continental Europe has seen a major rise in unemployment over the past two decades without this leading to mass poverty. The European welfare state has been remarkably successful in providing
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