Social Inequity And Education : How Does Socio Economic Inequity Affect The Performance And Engagement Of Students?

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Social inequity and education How does socio-economic inequity affect the performance and engagement of students? Introduction Around the world, socio-economic groups influence the performance and engagement of students. This can be partly explained by the genetic variations present among each individual but the major causes of this phenomenon are resources and opportunities. Student engagement can be referred to as their sense of acceptance and belonging of the goals of schooling. It also involves their psychological investment towards mastering the knowledge, learning, understanding and skills that the academic work is expected to promote. The engagement of students in their own learning has always been an issue for teachers. Studies…show more content…
This also reflects in the secondary education where students from a high socioeconomic background will tend to outperform their counterparts coming from a lower socioeconomic background (Ballantine and Spade, 2008). The type of family unit in which students are raised also has an impact on their level of performance and engagement at school. Students from a low socio-economic background have a higher chance of coming from a single-parent family. This would imply that with only one source of revenue, less financial resource is allocated to the students and this will eventually be detrimental to them in terms of their performance and engagement in the school environment. A single-parent family can also result in a situation at home where less time is dedicated by the parent to the children. Indeed, no sharing of household tasks would occur and this implies that the single parent has to achieve more daily tasks and that less time is spent towards the education of the children (Roscigno, 2000). Some studies tend to emphasize on the role of social relationships. Indeed, stronger connections between schools, parents, the local community and students give way to educational success. Social capital theory has demonstrated that in the situation where social networks and social relationships are dysfunctional, it is unavoidable that the overall performance and
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