Social Institutions And Its Impact On Society

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In the context of the overall development of an individual, social institutions in a society play an important role. There are some major social institutions which have considerable impacts on the lives of the members of society, such as religion and education. These institution act as the means of providing opportunity for the overall development of individuals. In this regard it can be said that “The role of religion is to remind republican citizens of their duties to and reliance upon God. Virtue is the bedrock of free society, and religion provides a constant reminder of that fact” (Palmer, 2008). Academic institutions, on the other hand, play the vital role of advancing cultures through knowledge and of helping to prevent socio-economic inequalities by breaking through the boundaries of human ignorance and fear (Palmer, 2008). The functionalist perspective is based on the works of Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton. Functionalism perspective considers a society as a system of parts that work in harmony together. Each part contributes to the stability of society, which helps to maintain the balance within. The parts within a society are: family, education, politics, economics, and religion. These social institutions form and shape society while meeting the needs of its people. According to the functionalist perspective, religion has three functions in society. These three functions are: “Beliefs that some things are sacred, Practices
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