Social Justice In John Rawls's Theory Of Justice

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Justice works as a standard to achieve the ultimate purpose of all virtues which is to elevate the dignity of human beings. Social justice ensures all members in societies to have an equality of opportunities and political rights for a fulfilling life-enjoyment. Economic justice is a component of social justice. It is supposed to set moral principles in building commercial environment with opportunities being provided for each sector in an effort to have a sufficient material foundation and productive lives. Political liberties are considered as equal basic liberties for everyone which are embodied in the political constitution with fundamental political rights such as freedom of association, speech, election, rights to vote and to be treated in accordance with the rule of law, etc (Rawls 1999). In John Rawls’s Theory of Justice, it argues that…show more content…
There are two principles in Justice as Fairness according to Rawls. The first principle emphasizes on the importance of equal basic rights and liberties, while the second presents conditions for social and economic inequalities to be accepted that they must be for the greatest benefits of the least-advantaged people. The equal basic liberties are embodied in the political constitution with basic political liberties such as freedom of association, speech, election, rights to vote and to be treated in accordance with the rule of law, etc for all citizens equally (Rawls 1999). He argued that equal political liberties have the priority. The first principle need to be achieved before the second because it is the fulfillment of political liberties that will ensure the achievement of social and economic justice in a just
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