Social Learning And Constructivism Theory

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Social Learning and Constructivism
Learning is described as a process by which behavior changes as a result of experience. According to Merriam and Cafarella (1991), there are five theories/orientations to learning, two of which will be compared in this paper; social learning theory and constructivism theory.
Social Learning Theory
Regarding social learning, this theory explains the individual learning process, the formation of one’s identity and, how individuals learn by observing others in a social setting. Known as the bridge between behaviorist and cognitive learning theories, it “incorporates some aspects of behaviorist and cognitive frameworks” (Taylor, et al., 2000. para. 7). As stated by Psychologist Albert Bandura (1986, 1988), “Most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: from observing others, one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action. Effective modeling teaches general rules and strategies for dealing with different situations.” (Bandura). Concerning social learning, in regards to the role of an instructor, he or she has to be an appropriate model, “equip their students to self-regulate, self-monitor, self-correct, and properly self-monitor” (Ellis, n.d.). An instructor needs to be a positive influence, a mentor, and understand how his or her behaviors affect others. They must inspire and teach by example, encourage teamwork, and support the growth and
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