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Social Learning Theory Of Domestic Violence

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On average, nearly 20 people per minute are physically abused by an intimate partner in the United States. During one year, this equates to more than 10 million women and men, according to the NCADV (National Coalition Against Domestic Violence). Domestic violence, also termed as family violence or spousal abuse, is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior as part of a systematic pattern of power and control perpetrated by one intimate partner against another. "[1]Domestic violence is an epidemic affecting individuals in every community, regardless of age, economic status, sexual orientation, gender, race, religion, or nationality."Educating ourselves on understanding the causes of…show more content…
The first concept of social learning theory is the transmission of violence, which implies that violence is learned and influenced by behaviors that one is exposed to through childhood. Furthermore, these influences result in teaching a child that violence is acceptable to express oneself and solve problems that carries on into adulthood. Second concept defines and explains how an individual develops his or her own meanings to a specific behavior. These definitions have been identified as both general and specific. The third concept to be explored is differential reinforcement, which “Refers to the balance of anticipated or actual rewards and punishments that follow or are consequences of behavior.” * Imitation, which is the fourth concept of the social learning theory, “Refers to the engagement in behavior after the observation of similar behavior in others.”* "Because the family is a main socializing institution and the main source of childhood learning, aggression modeled between parents not only provides scripts for violent behaviors but also teaches the appropriateness and consequences of such behavior in an intimate relationship to children through direct and vicarious reinforcement of rewards and punishments."* William Goode, the main resource theorist, asserted that all social systems, including families, depends on some level of force in order to function, and the more resources an individual can…show more content…
Some of these theories overlap and some perpetrators can be characterized by more than one of the theories. These theories expand the view of intimate violence arising from couples dysfunctional issues instead of solely individual issues. Understanding these multiplex theory views of domestic violence aids in developing effective prevention, intervention, and implementing policies aimed to end intimate partner violence.
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