Social Media And Social Networking Sites

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Introduction Social networking sites (SNS) such as Facebook, Twitter, Skype, Pinterest, and MySpace are being used among adolescent and college age individuals for several hours per day. The overwhelming use of SNS within this younger generation has been studied in numerous journals. Cyber bulling has become a serious concern that directly relates to Facebook users that make up this younger generation. Although SNS are intended to be a portal that encourages positive connections and behavior, there have been studies that link depression to the increased use in SNS such as Facebook. Review of Literature Development of social networking systems According to Danah M. Boyd and Nicole B. Ellison, social networking sites can be defined as a web-based portal that allows users to create a semi-private profile within a bounded system, build a list of users they wish to connect to and interact with, as well as view and interact with users outside of their connections who are also part of the system (2008). With no privacy restrictions, users that join a SNS they are allowing any user within that site to view their profile. Within SNS users have the capabilities to establish friendships and relationships as well as send private or public messages (Boyd & Ellison, 2008). Internet users have hundreds of SNS options, but there are only a few that have reached worldwide audiences. From 2004 to 2005 Facebook developed from a Harvard student specific SNS to a worldwide, high school,
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