In this article participants were given written and verbal information about the study and confidentiality, anonymity and withdrawal were reassured. All participants were fully informed and consented. Moreover, as the participant for this design is to permit the participants to ‘open up’ and discuss their experiences. It is crucial that any given time the participant should be permitted to discontinue with the interview if they feel uncomfortable. This is called as process consent, whereby the interview continuously negotiates with the interviewee to determine whether they are comfortable in continuing with the interview, (Polit and Beck, 2006). There are many ethical aspects to consider, the above is just one fraction used as an example, by simply suggesting that ethical guidelines were adhered to, does not illustrate ethical consideration. They did not show how to make the participant safe if they were difficult to manage.
This article, written by Alan Norton, addresses several reasons why people should not use social networking sites. In Norton’s first points, he mentions several legal issues and privacy concerns that come along with social media. Norton also describes the emotional effect that these sites can have; with their usage comes along abuse and peer pressure. Furthermore, Norton’s last point is the plain fact that social networking is just not for everyone. Giving real-world examples and addressing the negative aspects of its usage support the author’s argument by not using social media. Norton’s article is aimed at the percentage of society that is currently active on social
The researcher will assume that the respondents will answer all survey questions and that the questions will be answered honestly. The researcher will assure the respondents that the survey will be handled anonymously and that it will be confidential.
This chapter will discuss and outline the case study and the ethical consideration of the research. Research is a mutual undertaking between researchers and participants and therefore, must be handled with trust and fairmindedness. This is to “avoid harm to participants, ensure informed consent of participants, respect the privacy of participants and to avoid the use of deception” (Gray, 2011, p.73). Furthermore, consent must be given without coercion, meaning that participants fully understand the actions of the research and how the results will be used, Burns (2000).
In order to provide respect for potential and enrolled subjects through proper confidentiality, I will make sure to respect the privacy of the human subjects and will keep their private information confidential. Using the same process as the informed consent, I will do the interviews and questionnaires in a private place. The names of participants will never be used, and an identification number will be used for each participant to identify them. Some questionnaires will be done on paper while others, as well as the interviews, will be completed using a computer to store the responses. All of this information will be kept confidential, and only I will have access to it. I will provide a summary of the results from my practicum experience to the three clinics where I rotated and did my research project. These results will be available for the participants to have access to what was learned from the research.
Did you know that the internet has 3.17 billion users? Did you also know that out of the 3.17 billion internet users across the planet, that 2.3 billion internet users have a social media account. As well as this, did you know that internet users have an average of 5.54 social media accounts. There are also some interesting statistics linked to direct social media sites as opposed to all of them combined. Did you know that 8,796 snaps sent on Snapchat are sent every second. Did you know that there are over 550 million tweets on Twitter every day. Did you know that there are the number of photos uploaded on Facebook in 2 days is around 7 times the amount of the human population (50 million photos). So I don’t think that I am alone when I say that I believe that social media is very important in today’s day and age for people to communicate, get help when in an emergency, and be able to talk with anybody anytime, no matter how far apart you are, on dozens of different platforms.
Additionally, the researchers practised good ethical procedures; by providing the information about their research, so that participants understood what the research was about, then gained their participant’s written consent. Their interviews were effective because they used open questions, which enabled participants to speak freely and produced more information to analyse (Punch, 2012). Correspondingly, they were aware of the vulnerability of the patients, so ensured they respected the participant’s feelings by being non-obtrusive and considerate. Likewise, they ensured confidentiality for their participants, by omitting names and protecting the data, they had gained (Becker and Bryman, 2012). However, there were some glitches with their research. Specifically, there was no ethnography, so there was no illustration to envision the wider context of the situation (Gobbo, 2008). Particularly, if they had presented, the person’s age,
Briefly describe the precautions that will be taken to ensure the privacy of the participants and the confidentiality of the information. Will participants’ names be attached to data? How will the data be stored? Will the participants be anonymous? Are the data sensitive?
The NUI Galway’s research ethics committee guidelines stipulate that no potential participant in a study should feel coerced into taking part in a research and that they have the right to decline participation or voluntarily withdraw at any time (NUI Galway, 2015). It is essential that robust methods are used in qualitative research as maintaining confidentiality is critical. Confidentiality issues must be addressed by the researcher in
With this in mind, each participant will be afforded extreme confidentiality and anonymity throughout the research. I am weary that the definition of confidentiality and anonymity is a fairly subjective term (Davies et al 2011). Therefore I will make it implicitly clear, on the consent and the brief form, that all names of each participant given to myself will be changed for the purposes of the research; regardless whether the names given were correct names or not. Furthermore, the interview recordings will only be heard by myself and my supervisor, if required. At the end of the research project all voice recordings will be
Despite the fact that we’re already in the 21st century, society continues to show signs of progress and development strongly leaning towards the direction of advancement, constantly evolving. This pattern is no different from the world of advertising, as it has also evolved through the years and quite recently an unexpected technological innovation took the world by storm. It made such a tremendous impact that eventually led to the transformation of traditional marketing, and it’s no other than social media that we all learned to love.
The ethics in a research majorly concern the protection of the human participants in the process of data collection. There are several measures that should be taken to ensure that the participants are protected physically, emotionally and intellectually as well as personally if they choose to give personal and sensitive information that should not be divulged by the researcher. The following are therefore the varied ways of protecting the human participants during the research as discussed by David B., (2011):
The participant will receive 2 sets of questionnaires from the researchers. Each participant will be provided a research consent form. They have to indicate whether they agree to participate in the
The lack of recommendations on the use of Social Networking Sites (SNSs) from the academic literature is a huge problem of the study on SNSs. First, it does not prove the readers with any straightforward recommendations on the use of SNSs. Secondly, the researchers rely on previous ideas proposed by academics and, in many cases, do not attempt to confirm or dispel a suspension with their own samples Thirdly, whereas the authors find it necessary not to limit the research to a specific social networking site, it could have been more beneficial to include the differences between the most common SNSs, such as Facebook and Twitter, and see how the recent findings correlate with each other on these grounds (Rodríguez-Hoyos et al., 2015).