Essay on Social Organized Crime Perspective

729 Words Mar 28th, 2011 3 Pages
Social Organized Crime Prespective
Nelson Mieles
University of Phoenix
Criminal Organizations
CJA 393
James K. Roberts, M.A.
January 11, 2011

Social Institution
A social institution is a group that someone lives and grows up in. These institutions or groups have a goal or task to complete. For example, a school is an educational social institution in which either children or adults go to learn a way of life.
Social institutions are based on structures of relationships, functions, roles, and obligations. People who live their lives with the concept of right and wrong have positive values. People who do not consider these values are known to be antisocial. Social institutions that people learn their socialization from are
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The social control theory asserts that an individual, who is involved with a community and has strong family relations, will be less likely to engage in illegal activity than those who do not. If an individual is capable of establishing a positive link with community members, becomes involved and participates in community programs, such as youth, elderly, religious-spiritual, and anti-crime, the individual will most likely refrain from engaging in criminal activity. He or she will consider the consequences of a criminal act prior to committing the act (Psychological Glossary, 2010).
The differential association theory considers one's social group and environment as the fundamental explanation for one's criminal behavior and the formation and joining of criminal organizations. An individual who socializes with a group or other individuals who have a history with the legal system or who engage in illegal activity are at an extremely high-risk to conform to the norms of that particular social sub-group. A prime example is a teenager who becomes involved in delinquent criminal behavior and activity as a result of peer pressure. These juveniles are susceptible to withdrawing from school, joining criminal organizations, such as street gangs, and experimenting with illegal substances and alcohol, all of which continues the juvenile down a path of addiction, career criminality,…