Social Policy Report on Child Poverty in Wales and the Uk

3488 WordsAug 26, 201314 Pages
Social Policy Report on Child Poverty in Wales and the UK Introduction In the UK, particularly in England and Wales, children’s life chances are determined by the economic status of the families into which they are a part of. Children from poor households are more likely to suffer the consequences of their families’ condition. They will have to endure the stigma of poverty in a profoundly lopsided society where the socioeconomic standing of individuals is determined by their capacity to buy. These poor children also have less access to quality educational opportunities (Welbourne, 2012). Furthermore, children living in poverty at present are likely to remain poor for the rest of their lives because of intergenerational cycles of poverty…show more content…
This resulted in the Adoption and Children Act 2002 (Butler & Hickman, 2011, p. 133), which was designed to encourage adoption for poor children. The Organisation and Delivery of Child Welfare Services Child welfare services in the UK are funded by the ‘child benefit’ programme. Child benefit has been integral to the income of families throughout the UK for more than three decades now and it still prioritises poor children in the benefits and tax system. A universal child benefit programme assists in the redistribution of resources from taxation (Lewis, 2008, p. 126). Child benefit supplanted a tax allowance programme for parents, but was changed into a payment scheme due to the fact that tax allowances mostly give advantage to primary earners (Farthing, 2012, p. 4-5). Child benefit is given to the primary caregiver, generally mothers. Almost all European countries provide a universal child tax allowance or child benefit. But the UK is starting to move away from this tradition. Child benefit is a way of guaranteeing that the entire society is involved in the promotion of children’s wellbeing, especially those living in poverty. But the UK government has recently reformed the child benefit scheme, away from the universal benefit model. Instead of simply giving fewer allowances to parents the government will keep on paying the total cost and claw-back through taxation (Farthing, 2012, p. 5). The suggested ‘claw-back’—benefits that are allocated and afterwards revoked
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