Social Psychology Assignment

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1). What is the difference between a stereotype and prejudice? Provide two examples. A stereotype is a generalization about a group of people, such as an ethnic group or a religious group. Stereotypes serve distinct roles as cognitive schemas, allowing "people to quickly process new information about an event or person," ("Social Psychology: Stereotypes and Prejudice," 2012). They can also "help people to meaningfully assess differences between individuals and groups," ("Social Psychology: Stereotypes and Prejudice," 2012). However, as Grobman (1990) points out, "stereotyping often results from, and leads to, prejudice and bigotry," which in turn can lead to hate crime. Two examples of a stereotype include "women like to go shopping," and "rednecks like to eat road kill." Stereotypes are generally harmless until they form actual beliefs, like prejudices, and behaviors, like hate crime. Prejudice is a pre-judgment, based on erroneous beliefs. Prejudice is more serious in nature than stereotypes. Prejudice can be a "destructive phenomenon," but it serves sociological and psychological functions such as artificial boosts in self-esteem and the justification of social or political oppression ("Social Psychology: Stereotypes and Prejudice," 2012). Two examples of prejudice include believing that a young black teenager must be "up to no good," or that an Indian businessman is trying to "rip you off." 2). Describe what being diversity-conscious means to you. Being
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