Social Reforms and Movement During 19th Century in India

6024 Words25 Pages
DR. RAM MANOHAR LOHIA NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY, LUCKNOW B.A. LLB (HONS.) 2ND SEM 2013-14 SUBMITTED TO:- SUBMITTED BY:- VANADANA SINGH ARPITA RANJAN HISTORY PROFESSOR B.A. LLB (HONS.) DR. RMLNLU LUCKNOW…show more content…
The task was now taken up with vigour and enthusiasm. Rituals and ceremonials of the new church were formulated, the most prominent among these being the system of initiation. It started with the initiation of Debendranath and his friends in 1843. The initiated Brahmo was a new phenomenon in the history of the faith. Along with initiation came the special status of membership system or compulsory subscription for the initiated was introduced. A notable doctrinal change that took place was the abandonment of the belief in the infallibility of the Vedas. Rationalists like Akshay Kumar Dutta within the fold of the Samaj, found themselves unable to believe in any apaurusheya sastra (infallible scripture). The Hindu College group of intellectuals associated with the Tattwabodhini Sabha were also sharp critics of the doctrine. Ultimately Debendranath was also convinced of the truth of the standpoint. It was decided and formally declared that the basis of Brahmoism would henceforth be no longer any infallible book, but "the human heart illumined by spiritual knowledge born of self-realisation". Hindu scriptures however continued to be respected without being considered infallible and Debendranath compiled two volumes the Brrahma Dharma, a selection of suitable passages from the Hindu sastras and wrote the Brahmo Dharma Vijam (the Essence of Brahmoism) consisting of four short aphorisms for the use and guidance of worshippers. The Brahmo movement spread rapidly in the country
Get Access