Social Stratification

4449 Words Feb 8th, 2011 18 Pages
Contents 1. Social stratification 2. Characteristics of social stratification 3. Origins of social stratification 4. Social stratification in Bangladesh 5. Religious stratification In Bangladesh 6. Caste systems among Hindus 7. Caste systems among Muslims

All societies arrange their members in terms of superiority, inferiority and equality. The vertical scale of evaluation, this placing of people in strata, or layers is called stratification. Social stratification is a natural and voluntary separation according to race, religion, social and economic status. In sociology, social stratification is the hierarchical arrangement of social classes, castes and strata within a society. Anthony Giddens has defined social
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Caste systems among Hindus:

Hindus in Bangladesh in the late 1980s were almost evenly distributed in all regions, with concentrations in Khulna, Jessore, Dinajpur, Faridpur and Barisal. Hindus generally accept the caste system as the structure of society. For Virtually all Hindus, even those in revolt against some aspects of the system, caste is taken for granted as the way of life. To be considered Hindu, a group must identify itself in some way as a unit in the caste hierarchy. One cannot join a caste; one is born into it and lives, marries, and dies in it.
Although Hindu society is formally stratified into caste categories, the widely known four-fold classification Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra did not figure prominently in the Bangladeshi Hindu community. About 75 percent of the Hindus in Bangladesh belonged to the lower castes. Some members of higher castes belonged to the middle or professional class. With the increasing participation of the Hindus in nontraditional professional mobility, the castes were able to interact in wider political and socioeconomic arenas, which caused some erosion of caste consciousness. Although there is no mobility between Hindu castes, caste distinctions did not play as important a role in Bangladesh as in they did in the Hindu-dominated Indian state of West Bengal. Bangladeshi Hindus seemed to have