Social Structure And Social Structures

995 WordsMar 28, 20164 Pages
On the other hand, society is defined as the means by which groups of people organize to some social structure, and was usually defined in terms of a well-defined geographical region by past scholars. Both Wolf (1982:8) and Kessing and Strathern (1998:22), define society as groups of people or communities that are connected by similar social, economic, political or ideological ties. These scholars state that societies are results of systems of interactions between people, known as social relationships. These interconnected individuals who interact recurrently form social groups, and then larger communities known as social systems. Society is then comprised of various social institutions such as family, education and politics that satisfy basic human needs. Altogether, these individual components give society its social structure. However, Wolf (1982:6) remarks that one must be careful not to describe societies as discrete, isolated entities, such as the East or West, as they are the product of a “temporarily and spatially changing and changeable set of relationships, or relationships among sets of relationships”. In Anthropology, society and culture refer to two different concepts, but are often interconnected and intertwined when describing patterns of human behaviour. Society is the framework by which humanity is organized, and structured, whereas culture can be viewed as the instructions that govern human interaction. Geertz writes that “culture is the fabric of meaning
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