Social Theory And The Education Process

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Social Theory and the Education process Assignment: outline the main theoretical perspectives on education and evaluate their usefulness when analysing current issues Education plays an important part in everyone’s success in life. It provides children with teaching skills that prepare them mentally, physically and socially for the outside world of society. Education is vital to the needs of the modern industrial society, it teaches children from a young age discipline, respect, morals and values and prepares them for work and to help integrate them into society. There has been a lot of ideas and theories of how education should work. The three most common sociology groups are functionalist, Marxist and Interactionist. Marxist and…show more content…
Which means we are all taught the same values which we all agree on. They believe that education is made up of three functions these are; the transmission of society’s norms and values, role allocation and the industrial needs. The two main Functionalist sociologists are Parsons and Durkheim. The two theorists both recognised that the education system was important in the socialisation process. Both theorists state that The schools education helps children learn the culture of their society, it expands and reinforces the socialisation that takes place within their family. It also helps teach children how to interact with people outside their family, it helps them team build and is almost like a bridge which connects them from their families and with the wider society. It teaches norms and values such as fair competition, self discipline through rules and it teaches meritocratic principles through exams and tests. They also believe that the education system uses role allocation to make it fair and so all pupils get treated equally. Role allocation makes sure that people are matched to the correct job for their abilities. It will do this through their qualifications; schools will then select the most talented children and these will then be allocated to their future work roles based on the results in which they achieve in their exams, this system is based on ability. In the 1950’s Parsons argued that education selects individuals for their
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