Social class cannot be measured/determined

2165 WordsFeb 19, 20149 Pages
SOCIAL CLASS CANNOT BE MEASURED/DETERMINED "A social class is a group of people of similar status, commonly sharing comparable levels of power and wealth. In sociology, social classes describe one form of social stratification." Cheggs (n.d)[online]. “A large group of people whose economic circumstances, usually measured by their incomes, wealth and occupation, are broadly similar” Earlhamsociology pages (n.d) [online]. Social class can be said to be the level which an individual or a group of people are place by the society. It is also said to be the position of an individual in a society. “A caste system is a social system in which one’s social position is given for a lifetime.” Giddens (2009) [online]. The definitions given above…show more content…
Macro sociologists such as Karl Marx and Max Weber both believe that social class can be determined but their reasons differ. Karl Marx asserted “that there were two great classes, the owners of the means of production (capitalists) and the workers, the only thing that the workers owned was their ability to work, what Marx called labor power”. This is because “owners (capitalists) paid wages to workers and could for the most part determine that wage, owners had power over workers Udel (n.d)[online]. Marx felt that the lack of power of workers was the source of exploitation and the basis of class conflict; Marx argued that owners and workers developed ideas, understandings about their positions and this Marx called class consciousness” Udel (n.d) [online]. Udel (n.d)[online] states that "although Marx talked mainly about the two great classes, owners and workers, he was aware as well of a third category which he called petit bourgeoisie, literally little middleclass and these were owners of own small businesses". Max Weber defined social class as the market position of a person in a society, which is the position of people, is determined by the forces of demand and supply. He also emphasized that there are three dimension of class which are; status, party and class. According to Udel (n.d) [online] "He argued that class referred to economic interests. It was a quantifiable economic
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