Social work intervention in prevention and control of HIV/AIDS

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Social Work Intervention in Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS
Introduction
In India, HIV which causes AIDS appeared much later than any parts of the world. However, the disease is spreading with unprecedented rapidity and has now emerged as a serious socio-economic and public health problem. HIV and AIDS is a term in today’s world that has become synonymous with epidemic. The truth is that the HIV/ AIDS pandemic have affected not only the adults but even the youth and the children. Hence, it becomes all the more important to know the various interventions in the prevention and control of HIV and AIDS so that we all are able to live a safe and long life. Stigma and discrimination towards the victim and the family are the major obstacles
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In providing care and support to the PLHA, the social workers are the front-runners in this battle against HIV and AIDS. There is abundant evidence that science-based HIV prevention is effective, especially when backed by high level political leadership, a national AIDS Prevention and Control programme, adequate funding, and strong community involvement. Components of successful prevention efforts include clear and accurate communication about HIV/AIDS and methods to prevent. The vast majority of people living with HIV/AIDS in the developing world do not have access to treatment, as a result of limited health care infrastructures and the high cost of many medications. When we talk of care and support of people living with HIV and AIDS, there is a whole lot of intervention that comes under the umbrella of care and support. Social workers are the mainstay in all the intervention. They are the ones who are providing care and support to the PLHA without any discrimination. The primary aim of providing care and support is to prevent the spread of HIV including risk behaviour change for HIV+ve persons. Provision of Support i.e.; emotional, social and economic consequences of infection and to provide practical assistance and advocacy including palliative care and hospice care. Lobbying for and mobilisation of minorities and stigmatized groups and ensure equitable delivery of

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