Socialisation

2063 WordsApr 1, 20139 Pages
Socialisation, according to the Collins dictionary of sociological terms, ‘ is a process of learning how to behave according to the expected norms of your culture’, it includes how one learns to live in the way that others expect of them, and helps social interaction by means of give and take of common values, customs, traditions and languages. This is an ongoing process which not only leads to the all round development of an individual, but also cultivates within a person a sense of belonging with regards to family, friends, people and society as a whole. This is emphasized by Parsons and Bales (1955), ‘socialisation, undertaken in the family and elsewhere, involves both integration into society and the differentiation of one individual…show more content…
Locke argued that all ideas came from experience. The debate over nature versus nurture could be spanned back to when philosophy was predominantly the way of explaining the acquisition of knowledge and continues in more recent times with scientific evidence consisting of facts and numbers giving support to one side or the other. Both the recent and historical back and forth between great scholars helps each one individually to come to their own conclusions of whether nature or nurture is the more dominant factor contributing to a person’s knowledge and intelligence. Learned behaviour is the result of experiences through life, nurture rather than nature. An acquired behaviour is the type of attribute which cannot be passed on genetically; the ability to read and write and language are all learnt behaviours. An instance where behaviour is learnt could be when pain is experienced due to a particular course of action; for example, if someone puts their fingers over a small flame and gets burnt, this experience will cause the victim in future to be cautious around fire and they will be much less likely to repeat the action. Throughout history there have been instances, though rare, where children have spent a significant amount of their developmental years in the wild, devoid of human contact. These children were called Feral (meaning wild or existing in a natural state). These cases goes some way in helping to establish what aspects of human
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