The research topic is selected, the testable research question is developed, research on the topic is found, the literature review is completed, and a decision is made on the research design. Now, one of the most important steps in the research process to accomplish is the collection of data. Notwithstanding the research project and whether the method of research is whether qualitative or quantitative, data must be collected. Data collection is essential whether the method of choice is a mail survey, a telephone survey, an interview, an experiment, field research, or secondary data analysis. Data collection is an important aspect of any research study. Inaccurate data can impact the results of a study and ultimately lead to invalid results. During the data collection step, a significant amount of time, energy and attention are required. In order to ensure the data collection process is valid and successful, one should adhere to the four steps involved: (1) the construction of a collection data form which is used to organize all data that is collected; (2) the designation of the coding strategy used to represent data on a data collection form; (3) the collection of the actual data; and (4) entry into the data collection form (Salkind, 2012).
Research questions are formulated in a study to inquire about variables, both independent and dependent variables, and the relationship between them. Research questions are categorized into two, that is, qualitative and quantitative research questions. Qualitative questions are used in qualitative research like case studies, surveys and action research where the approach is non-numerical and analyses special phenomena that occur in nature. Quantitative research on the other hand is more of a systematic approach with measurable numerical quantities that go through analysis to prove a hypothesis. Finally, the research hypothesis is either approved or disapproved with regards to the results of the analysis (Laureate Online Education B.V.
A questionnaire according to Collies and Hussey (2003) can be used to gather data, when the issues which arise are likely to be confidential and sensitive and give respondents more time to consider their answers. The questionnaire survey, as defined by McDaniel and Gates (2002) is comprised of a set of questions designed to generate the evidence necessary to accomplish the objectives of the research study. It is a method of getting answers to
What kind of result was found by the research design? Compare the effectiveness of the survey research to the other subordinate data, experimentation or observation in the perspective of gathering information for this project.
The procedure used to collect information for the research study is a survey and the techniques used were interview and questionnaire. An interview is when questions are posed to an individual to obtain information (What Is Survey Research? - Definition, Methods & Types, n.d.). A questionnaire is a series of written questions a participant answers (What Is Survey Research? - Definition, Methods & Types, n.d.). Follow- up questionnaires were administered to participant face- to- face and participants who were living long distance were interviewed by telephone.
The data collection process introduces another essential element to your research project: the importance of clear and constant communication need (Smith et al, 2012). Before collecting data it is important to “pre-test” the data-collection instruments (observation forms and questionnaires) to gauge its suitability. The quality of the data-collection instrument determines the quality and usefulness of the data.
The categories used to organize research were the questioning, data design, data collection, and data analyzing method. These methods all oblige one another to help express and develop the knowledge of this analysis. The question method is used towards the content o f research and whether or not the purpose of the research is clear. The data design and data collection methods assist with the structure and information process of the research. The previous two methods guide the data analysis method which breaks down the exploration of the research for this paper. These established methods serves as a n effective advantage in forming research no matter the case, argument, or
The questionnaires will be correctly labelled to ensure survey data will be correctly linked. Verify that all surveys collected have signed consent forms. Track and analyze data as it comes in. All data will be stored on computer files for easy access and to comply with privacy laws. In conducting of the pilot testing, efforts were made by the researcher to ensure the setting, choice of participants and interview methods were as close as those intended in the main study as possible. Interview the participants on any difficulty they encountered while responding to the questionnaires. Record and analyze their responses for drafting the final questionnaires. This form of data collection and management aims ensure the collection of accurate and reliable
1. Chapter 10, Adolescence: The Social World goes in depth with human relationships among adolescents; teenagers are social beings, in which they rely on others’ opinions, company, and validation, in order for them to seek and find their true identity; who they are and where they belong (Berger, 365). Identity is the state of achievement when a “person understands who he or she is as a unique individual, in accord with past experiences and future plans,” they figure out their own goals, values, and ambitions, eventually leading them to the path in finding self-actualization (Berger, 351). Continuing on, relationships between parents and adolescents are not always peaceful due to arguments that have to do with teenagers’ “drive for independence, arising from biological, as well as, psychological impulses and social expectations clashes with the parents’ desire for control,” (Berger, 357). This section states that bickering indicates a healthy family due to conflicts indicating close relationships. Of course consequences and many factors that alter and influence adolescents’ thinking and behavior are present. Furthermore, this section explains the results of neglect, mental, emotional, and physical abuse to an individual, in which peer pressure can happen. Peer pressure is when “people of the same age group encourage particular behavior, dress, and attitude,” peer pressure is usually seen as a negative influence upon an individual’s growth and behavior that is contrary to
The contents of this chapter contains the research methodology of the project. As such, within this chapter the outline of the research strategy, the research method, the research approach, the data collection methods, sample selection, the form of data analysis, any ethical considerations and the research limitations are discussed.
Class, race, and gender play a significant role in organizing society as a whole, and they are all forms of stratification that promote group inequalities in society due to an unequal distribution of social resources and opportunities. These groups are socially defined and treated differently and unequally in the larger society.
In general, there are several methods for data collection and the different data collection methods provided its own advantages and disadvantages (Sekaran 2003, p. 223). For carrying out the data collection, the appropriate methods should be applied. In the research, the data collection could be done through the interview, for example, face-to-face and telephone interview. To collect the data by using interview technique, the questionnaire is commonly employed as the instrument for gathering data, the questionnaire could be able to distribute by mail or electronic mail. In addition, the data collection could be conducted by observation of individuals with or without audio or video recording. Before choosing the methods for data collection the expertise of the researcher, the degree of accuracy required, time and resources must be taken into consideration. Thus,
Adolescence is perhaps the most confusing and complex time in one’s developmental life as one’s physical body, the way one thinks, the brain structure, emotions, identity, and sexuality are all developing simultaneously. I am currently an adolescent, my age is nineteen, that has recent experience with the trials and tribulations that accompany those formative years. My journey as an adolescent is nearing its end as I am entering the emerging adulthood phase of my life, but proper reflection upon my experience should give key insights into the development of today’s adolescents.
Because the questionnaire is a very popular research tool, the data collection is convenient and can be widely used, which is a good way to research the users' satisfaction. The service to measure from the sample or the target population has the form of a series of questions. The system has been compiled in a systematic and systematic way.