Introduction The use of Irregular Warfare has been ongoing for years around the world. Irregular warfare is described as a violent struggle among state and non-state actors for legitimacy and influence over the relevant populations. I will discuss where the U.S. may apply military force in conjunction with other means of national power to stabilize the nation of Somalia. I will also discuss why it would be considered as an Irregular Warfare environment.
Outline Introduction Set-up - Warfare is constantly changing, for the tools of war are always evolving, as do the societies that wage war. Between 1400 and 1918, western warfare went through four periods that saw such profound change that it can fairly be said that a "military revolution" occurred. According to historians MacGregor Knox and Williamson Murray, military revolutions "fundamentally change the framework of war" and "recast society and the state as well as military organizations." While all of the military revolutions studied in H100 were important in the evolution of warfare, one clearly stimulated greater change than the others.
Joint Publication (JP) 3-24 and Field Manual (FM) 3-24.2 have slightly different definitions of insurgency. JP 3-34 defines it as the organized use of subversion and violence by a group or movement that seeks to overthrow or force change of a governing authority. FM 3-24.2 defines it as a
In recent studies and readings of wars, I would agree with the definition of Insurgency for JP 3-24 and FM 3-24.2. I want to focus on the definition part that says to overthrow, force, weaken, or change a government. This is crucial in defining why I support the
Conflict between and within nations is proven by history to be expected, but the answer to which countries are at a higher risk for conflict depends on whom you are asking. The reading “Ethnicity, Insurgency and Civil War” by James D. Fearon and David D. Laitin, argues that the conditions
As a matter of fact, since September 11, ‘Civilization’ has been evoked to justify the revenge on both the Al Qaeda network and those who harbored it in Afghanistan. Identifying terrorism as the enemy of civilization provides an enormous scope for US intervention overseas as well as sanctioning the Federal Government’s curtailment of civil liberties at home. Furthermore, Bush put the attacks of 9/11 in religious terms, he declared that ‘this crusade, this war on terrorism is going to take a while’ and also in civilizational terms ‘this is civilization’s fight.’
The war that was conducted in Afghanistan against the US should prompt other nations that the purpose of war should have a political goal interest and should include military advice but ultimately should be decided by a charismatic civilian leader. “The war in Afghanistan has demonstrated that for all of the vaunted agility and resourcefulness of the U.S. armed forces, the risk of senior commanders' becoming intellectually arrogant and cognitively rigid is real. The COIN paradigm was applied with such unquestioning zeal that critical thought was often suspended.”( Eikenberry 2014). Furthermore, in any future counterinsurgency plan, the security of the citizens (with the help of the military) should be the underlying primary focus. In future counterinsurgent strategy there should be a military civilian plan, the military should find a way to assimilate the population in their security efforts as a way of reassurance. The replication of Provisional Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) can be implemented to strengthen any future COIN strategy. PRTs include both the population and military efforts to assist in rebuilding the nation. Moreover, counterinsurgency strategy should consider implementing isolating insurgent groups and conducting peace rallies or peace talks amongst the citizens. A final lesson
21st Century Revolution: The Rise of Anti-Government Rebellion In the many cases of society rising against a ruler, it is the suffocation of the peoples voice that stirs the minds of those capable of initiating change. It is in this overbearing suppression that small groups of courageous individuals come together and rise up against authority for the sake of their people. Whether it be against a monarchy, a terrorist group, or dictatorship, these groups face a definite opposition. Members of torn nations agree that the rebels do nothing but add to civil unrest, that their acts of armed resistance worsen the choke hold on their country. But it is here, in rebellion, that the minds of the oppressed are able to stand on their own, for themselves; in defiance for the sake of freedom.
In his article, “Irregular Warfare: One Nature, Many Characters” by Dr Colin Grey, he asserts “that the United States should undertake little irregular warfare. It would be a political and strategic mistake to identify irregular warfare, COIN especially, as America’s dominant strategic future (Grey 1).” I disagree, I would assert that due to the United States’ superior military power and technology, more stable political system (democracy), and globally dominate economy, we can and will, be successful in COIN operations. Examining each of these pillars of power will illustrate the advantage the United States has already demonstrated in Iraq and Afghanistan, and how these pillars will give us the strategic advantage in irregular
COIN Operation and US Involvement in Afghanistan COL (R) Frank Hall CJ 4475 Term Paper By: Alejandro Cespedes Northwestern State University 02 November 2014 COIN Operation and US involvement in Afghanistan Abstract Counterinsurgency, well known as COIN, operations refers to an activity where the armed forces in collaboration with the civilian populous try to defend the legitimacy of existing
POLICY PAPER Aum Shinrikyo: The Japanese Doomsday Cult Lisa Bertsch – email@example.com HLS 805: Political Violence, Threats, and Insurgency Summer 2015 – Dr. Paul Gill Table of Contents Abstract Pg. 3 Chizuo Matsumoto, aka Asahara Shoko Pg. 4 Syncretism Pg. 4 The early years: 1984-1989 Pg. 4 Organizational Goals and the Means of Achieving Them Pg. 5 Recruitment Pg. 6 Examples of Violent Attacks Pg. 7 The Split Pg. 9 Conclusion Pg. 10 References Pg. 12 Abstract The insurgency group of interest for this research paper is that of Chizuo Matsumoto, aka Asahara Shoko, and the Japanese doomsday cult Aum Shinrikyo. The reason behind the choosing of this particular group is to provide commentary to that
A hybrid threat is the diverse and dynamic combination of regular forces, irregular forces, and/or criminal elements all unified to achieve mutually benefitting effects (Publication 2010). Hybrid threats which were previous labeled as irregular warfare or guerrilla warfare, have now emerged in an alarming rate. Hybrid threats are comprised of regular, irregular forces, and criminal organizations merged to achieve an economical or tactical objective. Having the flexibility to transition from a regular to an irregular force allows the threat the ability to exploit weaknesses, permitting the hybrid threat the ability to become more effective. The hybrid threat can exploit a multitude of
Positive. Wars, conflicts, and struggles are sites of innovation, leading to the creation of new forms of legitimacy and protection. (M Duffield, Global Governance and the New Wars: the Merging of Development and Security, London: Zed Books, 2001.) They are essential for the advancement of peoples that are affected by it. They are essential in the transformation of infrastructures, institutions and social structures. And those affected societies will appreciate the availability of such foreign aids to allow them to rebuild and restructure the remains of their struggles.
The first reading for this week was a chapter out of a book about international legal subjects. International legal subjects include things like insurgents, national liberation movements, international organizations, and individuals (Cassese, 124). States have not been happy when insurgents try to enter their territory. Insurgents are rebels and they feel as if they are dangerous. Insurgents are state like and they have many characteristics that states have. They do not have as many rights are states does and their duties are limited.