Socio Demographic Profile And Nutritional Status Of Hearing Impaired

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SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF HEARING IMPAIRED (DEAF) ADOLESCENTS

Abstract
Background: Health status of a population is a significant indicator of human development. Like mortality, disability being a potential measure of health status of population has not received much attention in research particularly in the developing countries. Hearing impairment refers to both complete and partial loss of the ability to hear and research in the area of the health and nutritional status of such a population remains largely unexplored in India. Methods: A school for the hearing impaired adolescent boys & girls in the age group of 10-19 years was chosen as the site for the study. 101 hearing impaired subjects who were in the age group 10-19 years were enrolled for the study. A pre tested questionnaire was filled by the researcher in coordination with a sign language interpreter to elicit background information and socio-demographic status. For anthropometric measurements their heights and weights were taken with the help of measuring tape and bathroom scale respectively. For hemoglobin estimations, 5ml sample of venous blood was obtained from each subject for laboratory analysis. The data was entered in SPSS and subjected to appropriate statistical analysis. Results: The subjects who were deaf by birth were 84.2% and the rest were due to accident. Stunting was more in the early adolescents in case of boys (41.6%) but in
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