Socio Economic Class And Health Inequality

1174 WordsJun 10, 20165 Pages
Socio-economic class has been linked to health inequality ever since the mid-19 century, when reported the living condition of the poor. Chadwick, E.1842 reported that the average life expectancy in Bethnal Green was 45 for professional but only 16 for labourers. Concern about inequality within the population in the early 20th century was offered as one major justification for the setting up of National Health Service (NHS) based on the recommendation of the Beverage report (1942). The health inequality still exists relating the socio-economic (RG social class scale) and life expectancy. In the late 20th, the Black Report (1980) confirmed that social class is the main cause of overall death and the inequality gap between social classes strata appear to be widening. Townsend and Davidson (1982) identified five most important factors of income; occupation, education, housing and lifestyle-affecting health. Of these factors occupation is one of the most accurate predictors of all life chance. Social class model has three general categories: upper class, middle class and working class. In Europe, it has been relay on occupation-based measure of socio-economic status to demonstrate inequality. In the UK, five class scheme Registrar General 's scale of Social Class and Socio-economic groups has been used since 1911. Table 2(see appendix 2) shows European standardised mortality rates by occupational class in those male aged 20-64 years in rates 100,000 population. It relates to

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