Socio Economic Impact of Hiv and Aids to Nigerian Economy

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Global Journal of Health Science

Vol. 4, No. 1; January 2012

The Effects of HIV/AIDS Scourge on Production and Income among Rural Households in Adamawa State of Nigeria
Iya, I. B., Purokayo, S. G., & Gabdo Yusuf Department of Economics Federal University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria Received: October 12, 2011 doi:10.5539/gjhs.v4n1p245 Abstract The paper investigates the determinants and the impact of HIV/AIDS on households in Adamawa State. 120 respondents affected with HIV/AIDS were selected for interview using simple random sampling techniques. Both primary and secondary data were used in its analysis to determine the impact of the disease on household’s income. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive
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4, No. 1; January 2012

The main objective of this paper is to examine the effects of HIV/AIDS scourge on labour force productivity of Adamawa state households. 2. Problem Statement The health status of the people in any country is a critical element in the growth of its economy as well as an important factor in the overall quality of life. AIDS tend to selectively affect women, youths, which are the vulnerable groups; it will influence a wide range of social and economic factors. In Adamawa State, agriculture is the dominant industry; high rate of infection could lead to the stagnation of the industry. Recent studies have revealed that HIV/AIDS prevalence among women and youths is increasingly worrisome. The target is the most productive group of the population (15-49 groups). 3. Literature Review and Conceptual Framework Until the early 1990’s, the empirical economic growth literature focused exclusively on the role of capital and labour (The later often augmented by schooling and technological change, but hardly ever on health as a key element of human capital (Baro, 1991). Even where a relationship has been found between indicators of health and income per capita, it has either been discounted or thought to be an indication of the impact of economic