Socio-Economic Issues in India

5247 Words May 22nd, 2011 21 Pages
Socio-economic issues in India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Since India's Independence in 1947, country has faced several social and economic issues.Contents
1 Overpopulation
2 Economic issues
2.1 Poverty
2.2 Corruption
3 Education
3.1 Initiatives
3.2 Issues
4 Violence
4.1 Religious violence
4.2 Terrorism
4.3 Naxalism
4.4 Caste related violence
5 See also
6 References

Further information: Family planning in India and Demographics of India

India suffers from the problem of overpopulation.[1][2][3] Though India ranks second in population, it ranks 33 in terms of population density below countries such as The Netherlands, South Korea and Japan. To cure this problem, Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of
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The first education minister Maulana Azad founded a system of education which aimed to provide free education at the primary level. Primary education was made free and compulsory for children from 6-14, and child labour was banned. The government introduced incentives to education and disincentives for not receiving education – for instance, the provision of mid-day meals in schools were introduced. Many similar initiatives echoed, and the largest of such initiatives is Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, which actively promoted “Education for All”. In line with this, the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) aimed to increase their expenditure on education to 6% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from values fluctuating about 3% through their National Common Minimum Programme (NCMP) in 2004. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act was also imposed in 2009. Despite these initiatives, education continues to persist as an impediment to development.

While many schools were built, they had poor infrastructure and inadequate facilities. Schools in the rural areas were especially affected. According to District
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