Sociocultural Theory And Social Interaction

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Sociocultural theory refers to the idea that parents, peers, teachers, and culture help to shape a child’s learning. The engagement between objects and environment, in collaboration with social interaction play an extensive role in a child’s learning and development (Wang, Bruce, & Hughes, 2011). Psychologist, Lev Vygotsky, introduced socio-cultural theory. The basis of socio cultural theory is made up of social interaction and cultural tools. Social interaction refers to the parents, peers, and teachers daily interaction with the child and the learning that is stimulated. Cultural tools refer to the values, beliefs, technical tools, and psychological tools that available and accessible to the child. This theory also describes the learning process in two parts, interpersonal and evolves to intrapersonal. Interpersonal is when a child is learning through social interaction and intrapersonal is when a child learns it on an individual level (Siegler and Alibali, 2005). The transition from interpersonal to intrapersonal depends upon the proximal zone of development and scaffolding. The zone of proximal development is the abilities that children can perform by themself compared to the abilities that a child cannot perform on their own, but is able to learn with the guidance of others (Siegler and Alibali, 2005). Instructed learning is one form that aims to teach a child a task. This could be in regards to a teacher teaching a lesson at school, or parents who are helping their
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