Socioeconomic Status ( Ses ) Related Inequalities

2191 Words Sep 26th, 2016 9 Pages
Socioeconomic status (SES) related inequalities exist in type 2 diabetes mellitus. This report firstly describes type 2 diabetes and its relationship with SES. Secondly, it discusses SES and diabetes measure. Thirdly, it applies material and structural resources, cultural and behavioural, social selection and historical context explanation to understand causes of SES-related inequality in type 2 diabetes , explaining their interactions in creating and maintaining the inequality. Finally, it justifies that this inequality is also an inequity.
Diabetes is a chronic, non-communicable disease characterized by high blood glucose levels (World Health Organisation (WHO), 2016). Type 2 Diabetes is where cells are insulin resistant (WHO, 2016). Genetic factors and age influence risk of diabetes, but behavioural risk factors like obesity, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, smoking increases risk of type 2 diabetes (WHO, 2010). Diabetes lead to other health issues, like cardiovascular diseases (CVD), blindness, kidney failure, and foot ulcers, which may require limb amputation, and premature mortality(Ministry Of Health (MOH), 2012).
Globally, 422 million people are diagnosed with diabetes(WHO, 2016), 90% being type 2 diabetes (WHO, 2010). In New Zealand (NZ), over 200,000 people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. There are SES-related inequalities in type 2 diabetes. In NZ, incidence of diabetes is higher amongst those with low SES (Joshy,Porter, Le Lievre,Lane, Williams &…
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