Sociological Perspective of the Relationship Between Education and the Economy

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Sociological Perspective of the Relationship Between Education and the Economy

There seems to be a direct link to what goes on in schools and what
takes place at work.

The functionalist approach to education and economy is that through
socialisation education helps maintain society by introducing young
people into values and beliefs such as achievement. They argue that
education teaches what is needed within the world of work like
numeracy and literacy skills or specific skills for particular jobs.
The education system allocates people to the most appropriate jobs,
which suits their abilities using examination results. Through the
eyes of the functionalists this is seen to be fair because there is
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challenge pupil’s abilities and their talents so that they can be
issued into specific jobs.

Davis and Moore explained that some people have greater talents than
others and to ensure that society functions efficiently the most able
individuals are allocated the most efficient jobs. The education
system is responsible for this, targeting the people who are most able
then training them for important jobs.

However, some people would argue that this is far too optimistic. This
idea of meritocracy is untrue does not exists. There are certain
barriers that get in the way the main one being social class. An
example of this is careers such as medicine and law where certain
firms will not accept you if you have been to a university that was
previously a polytechnic college. There is nothing wrong with these
universities but certain people and groups see them as lower class and
therefore less likely to employ them. This is a barrier that gets in
the way. There is a lack of evidence that schools teach work specific
skills, an example of this is how often does a job require you to know
quotes from Shakespeare, some subjects have a limited usefulness to
the world of work. The principal of having a general consensus in
school is not always the case; different social groups have different
sets of values.

Marxists disagree with this approach stating that its main function…