Sociological Perspectives In Sociology

960 Words4 Pages
Sociology is a way in which sociologists and scientists can study various human groups, helping create an understanding of how and why society functions, the impact of society on individuals and challenges that individuals and society face during social interaction. Sociology allows people to look at the world from a different perspective and in more depth than what the rest of society see’s. Some areas sociology covers are; family, social change, child abuse, substance addiction, public opinion etc. Sociology challenges social influences, for example the media, family, friends etc, and provides evidence to contradict them.
There are four sociological perspectives that can be used to analyse and explain objects of social study: functionalism, conflict theory, feminism and symbolic interactionism. Functionalism is a framework that believes society to be a complex system which has various parts that must work together to create a stable society that works in harmony, helping to meet society’s needs. These parts of society include; family, government, economy, media, education and religion. Functionalists believe that societies should function like organisms, as all individuals in various societies share the same set of key norms and values that are passed to new generations. This perspective has been criticised for its failure to take account of social change throughout generations and doesn’t encourage people to help change their social environment. It was also criticised
Get Access