Sociological Theories And The Structural Functional Theory

1356 Words Jul 28th, 2015 6 Pages
Sociological Theories: Compare and Contrast

The Structural-Functional theory definition:
Two theorist who were major contributors to the structural functional theory where Herbert Spencer and Robert Merton. Also known as functionalism, it is a framework for building theory that views society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote stability and solidarity. Important concepts in the perspective of functionalism include social structure, social functions, latent functions and manifest functions. A few examples of structural functional theory are in families, communities, religious organizations and certain rituals such as a handshaking give structure to our everyday lives. Functionalism is a structural consensus sociological theory that is a key theory developed by Emile Durkheim, one of the founding fathers of sociology. Her theory sees society as a mega structure of interrelated social institutions such as schools and our legal system. Structural functional theorist believe that all parts of a society work together to maintain functioning balance of the society

The Social Conflict theory definition:
Conflict theory holds that social order is maintained by domination and power rather than consensus and conformity. According to the conflict theory researched and introduced by Karl Marx states society is in a state of perpetual conflict due to competition for limited resources. Meaning those with wealth and power try to hold on to it by any means…
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