Sociological Theories and Theorists

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“Origins of sociological thinking can be traced to the scientific revolution in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century” (Kendall 11). In this time, great store was put on one’s possession of critical reasoning and experiences. In France the Enlightenment was dominated by a group called philosophes; these men believed that human society could be improved through scientific discoveries (Kendall 11). In France during this time period women were excluded from public life, but some women were able to influence the philosophes by participating in a “salon” which is much like an open house which encouraged discussion and debates. During these salon’s the men typically viewed the women as someone that was a good listener, or maybe even…show more content…
Weber, Max 1864-1920: He was a German social scientist who was also concerned about the changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Max’s significance was considerable among German scientist. Little of his work was published during his lifetime because most of his work was restricted to scholarly specialist; his work had more of an impact after he died (Biography). He believed that values could not be separated from the research process; he stressed that sociology should be value free, that the researcher should not let his/her personal interest influence the outcome (Kendall 19). Georg Simmel 1858-1918: Georg Simmel is best known for his contribution to sociology and philosophy. He thought the main purpose of sociology should be to examine these social interaction processes within groups (Kendall 20). He concluded that interaction patterns differed between a dyad a social group with two members and a triad a social group with three members; he developed an approach that focuses attention on the recurring social forms called “Formal Sociology” (Kendall 21). From 1889 to 1909, Georg Simmel fostered the German Sociological Association into existence. However, he lamented that he was seen as a sociologist. Simmel considered sociology as an ancillary field of study to that of philosophy. He became the

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