Sociology : Description Of Sociology As A Discipline

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SOCIOLOGY Description of Sociology as a Discipline “Sociology is the study of interactions within, between, and among groups; and these group interactions encompass all areas of human behavior” (Cargan and Ballantine, 2007, p. 1). According to the Arizona State University program description of the Sociology undergraduate degree, “Sociology is the study of the organization and development of societies and the institutions within them” (Arizona State University, 2017). Specifically, the key objectives of the discipline of Sociology include, but are not limited to: analyzing societal issues, social phenomena, and the processes of social construction in both the historical, and modern settings; the application of various sociological theories; evaluating the institutions of family, education, religion, government, and the economy, as they relate to the larger context of society (Carlson, 2016); and analyzing societal changes and their significance within the complexities of society and cultures (Harrison, 2017). Additionally, Sociology is a discipline within the social sciences category. According to the American Sociological Association (2008), the study of the social sciences was precipitated by the need to respond to rapid social change with the development of science, technology and the economy. Historically, the discipline of Sociology became institutionalized between the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. Likewise, the American Sociological Association (ASA), the
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