Sociology

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INEQUALITIES IN EDUCATION GENDER CLASS ETHNICITY CLASS • WHY ARE THERE INEQUALITIES BASED ON CLASS? • INTELLIGENCE? • VALUES? • CULTURAL OR MATERIAL FACTORS? INTELLIGENCE • Some social scientists argue that some people are simply more intelligent than others. • This assumption results from IQ tests. • However, IQ tests are a questionable tool to measure intelligence. • Because: standards used in such tests are • middle class standards, • Western cultural context Therefore: difficult to measure the Western standard IQ of a nonWestern culture • And: difficult to measure the IQ of subcultures within the same society. • THEREFORE: case of intelligence is largely discredited as a credible explanation to…show more content…
Marriage was attributed to females and careers to males. Gender and Subject choice • There is also a difference in subject choice and gender. • This can be explained by the socialisation process. • Schools can contribute to guiding pupils into stereotypes, for instance if children had to choose subjects, girls are more likely to choose traditionally female subjects, (as noted by Sue Sharpe). • SCIENCE & GENDER: ALISON KELLY: • Explains why science tends to be considered a masculine subject: • A) because science subjects are presented in a way that attracts boys more than girls e.g. the way the subject is presented does not give examples which can be understood by both boys and girls, instead, they gave examples derived from e.g. football or car racing, which forms part of boys’ experience more than girls’. Girls’ Achievement: Becky Francis (2000) • Francis states that at school, overall, girls get less attention than boys. • Schools remain generally male-dominated, yet, there is little evidence to suggest that boys and girls are treated differently. • Francis notes that some things seem to have changed since the 1970s: • 1. Pupils no longer assume that girls are less academically able than boys. • 2. Boys too face some disadvantages. • 3. Education does note explicitly disadvantage one sex against another but sees education as being a gendered institution in which both sexes face problems to

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