Sociology Of Education As A Social Institution

1489 Words6 Pages
Sociology of education The sociology of education is a diverse and vibrant subfield that features theory and research focused on how education as a social institution is affected by and affects other social institutions and the social structure overall, and how various social forces shape the policies, practices, and outcomes of schooling (www.thoughtco.com). Sociology of education is the systematic study of educational system within the broader social context. At the heart of sociology is a special point of view called the sociological perspective of education. While education is typically viewed in most societies as a…show more content…
What is the purpose of schooling? 7. Does education really change the society? Educational sociology Educational sociology determines the initial tendency of educators to view education from a social point of view. It included a vast array of contents taught for the purpose of teacher training and others interested in education. Educational sociology is by definition a discipline which considers education within the purview of needs and values of society, it starts with the premise that education is a social fact, a process and an institution, having a social function and being determined socially. These kind of tendencies could be found in earlier educationists like Plato, the father of the philosophy of education, who had a deep insight into the social function of education, and most of the great educationists, especially Comenius, Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Fichte and Dewey explored the relations between education and society. However, since Herbart established pedagogy as a systematic theory, the main trend of educational theory for a long time has been individualistic, in that it took the completion of an individual being as the aim of education, with teaching seen as a deliberate and planned process of formal instruction. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, in opposition to this individualistic theory, a pedagogy emerged which held that the nature of education should be considered from a
Open Document