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The concept of sociology had been recognized by independent philosophers since the dawn of organized civilization. Philosophers such as Confucius and Xenophanes in their works had hinted at the clash of cultures and social hierarchy. Later, in the 14th century, Arab scholars such as Al Jahiz and Ibn Khaldun's compliled books on the history of society itself. These works are known to be forerunners of sociology. In fact, books written by Ibn Khaldun on social cohesion and conflict were translated into Latin in the 15th century. However, Sociology as a discipline has only been around since the late 17th century. Sociology then was very much the product of a rapidly changing world, from the violent revolutions in France to the subtle…show more content…
Interest was further fueled in these societies as major urban centers were also a place of conflict. Rural immigrants from all around the country would often have to live in one spot to work for a certain company, and that creates problems of its own. Phenomenon such as the adoption of nuclear families, cases of suicide and ethnic violence in the communities were noted by sociologists during the period. The end result of the movement led to a society in which a few profited greatly, while the majority suffered under long working hours and poor living conditions. As a consequence, reactionary anti-capitalist and pro-labor movements sprung up all around Europe which were dedicated to overthrow this new social order. The most notable of social commentators of the time was Karl Marx. Karl Marx championed his own version of communism which is now known as Marxism. He believed that if society continued to be guided by capitalism, there would eventually come a time when the workers would overthrow the rich owner. Karl Marx was critical of the capitalist society and engaged in political activities to somehow bring about its downfall. Most sociologists of the time tried to bring about reform through more gradual means as they feared a radical form of socialism more than capitalism itself. Imperialism in context of sociology An unequal economic, cultural and territorial relationship between state actors in the form of an empire is known as Imperialism.

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