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Possible sociology questions January 2012 Item 2A Sociologists analyse the domestic division of labour in many different ways. Parsons describes the division of labour in the traditional nuclear family in terms of an expressive role and an instrumental role. However, this traditional arrangement may have changed as families have changed, and many feminists use the term ‘dual burden’ to describe the woman’s role in the family today. Item 2B Government policies and laws include tax and benefit policies as well as legislation such as relating to divorce and marriage. Sociologists have different views on the impact of these policies and laws on families. For example, feminists argue that social policies assume that the ideal family is…show more content…
For example, it benefits family members by offering mutual support and emotional satisfaction. (a) Explain the difference between the ‘birth rate’ and the ‘fertility rate’ (Item 2A). (4 marks) (b) Suggest two reasons why women might delay having children (Item 2A). (4 marks) (c) Suggest two ways in which the position of children could be said to have improved over the last one hundred years. (4 marks) (d) Examine the ways in which government policies and laws may affect the nature and extent of family diversity. (24 marks) (e) Using material from Item 2B and elsewhere assess the Marxist view that the main role of the family is to serve the interests of capitalism. (24 marks) January 2011 Item 2A In addition to changes in the birth rate and the death rate, the other factor contributing to the size of the population is net migration. The search for employment is an important reason for migration. This was particularly true for those who came to the United Kingdom from the Caribbean in the 1950s. Immigration has created greater ethnic diversity in the population and contributed to family diversity. Item 2B ‘March of progress’ sociologists suggest that the modern family has become more child-centred than in the past. Each individual child is seen as important. Parents spend a great deal of time and money making sure that their children enjoys a comfortable upbringing. They want their children to have opportunities that they themselves never had. Critics of this

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