Sociology: Value Conflict

1346 Words Aug 4th, 2010 6 Pages
Sociology � PAGE * MERGEFORMAT �1�

Running Head: SOCIOLOGY



Value Conflict

Objectivity means that the conclusions arrived at as the result of inquiry and investigation are independent of the race, color, creed, occupation, nationality, religion, moral preference and political predisposition of the investigator. If hi research is truly objective, it is independent of any subjective elements; any personal desires that he may have. Having said that, one can argue whether it is impossible for sociology to be value free because in order for it to become objective it has to confine itself to so many criteria and conditions. It seems as if it is impossible for sociology to be value free since it is the study of
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However, Edwin Lemert is widely considered the producer and founder of the original version of labeling theory. The theoretical study of societal reaction to deviance has been carried out under different names, such as, Labeling theory, interactions perspective, and the social constructionist perspective. In the sociology of deviance, the Labeling theory of deviant behavior is often used interchangeably with the societal reaction theory of deviancy. As a matter of fact, both phrases point equally to the fact that sociological explanations of deviance function as a product of social control rather than a product of psychology or genetic inheritance. Some sociologists would explain deviance by accepting without question definitions of deviance and concerning themselves with primary aetiology. However, Labeling theorists stress the point of seeing deviance from the viewpoint of the deviant individual.

Labeling theory is constituted essentially by two propositions. The first is that deviant behavior is to be seen not simply as the violation of a norm, but as any behavior which is successfully defined or labeled as deviant. The deviance does not in here in the act itself but in the response of others to that act. In other words, the deviance is said to be in the eye of the beholder. The second proposition claims that Labeling produces or amplifies deviance. The
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