Sociology and Other Sciences

7090 Words Sep 8th, 2009 29 Pages
SOCIOLOGY AND OTHER SCIENCES
Sociology deals with society [people];how people interact, their culture, norms, values just like other social sciences like psychology, economics, psychology which also deal with people and how they behave, their mental processes.
There is also a relationship between sociology and economics which is another social science. economics deals with the production of goods and services and how they are distributed to people just like sociology which also consider how the goods are distributed to members of the society.
The answer sciences related to sociology are social sciences. Social science are sciences which deal with people and have the following characteristics; observable, measurable, practical, factual.
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Whether a person "leaves" a society does not change anything to the fact that this society will still contain suicides. Sociology's task thus consists of discovering the qualities and characteristics of such social facts, which can be discovered through a quantitative or experimental approach (Durkheim extensively relied on statistics). One can thus argue that Durkheim defended a form of sociological positivism.[7]

Method and objectivity

In his Rules of the Sociological Method (1895), Durkheim expressed his will to establish a method which would guarantee sociology's truly scientific character. One of the questions raised by the author concerns the objectivity of the sociologist: how may one study an object which, from the very beginning, conditions and relates to the observer? According to Durkheim, observation must be as impartial and impersonal as possible, even though a "perfectly objective observation" in this sense may never be attained. Sociology should therefore privilege comparison rather than the study of singular independent facts. Consequently, a social fact must always be studied according to its relation with other social facts, never according to the individual who studies it.

Sociological studies

Education

Durkheim was also interested in education. Partially this was because he was professionally employed to train
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