Socrates ' Doctrine Of Recollection

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“A process men call learning... discovering everything else for himself...for searching and learning are, as a whole, Recollection. In response to Socrates, Meno asks, “... how do you mean that we do not learn, but that what we call learning is Recollection (Meno 81d -e)?” I will delve into what Socrates ' Doctrine of Recollection proves and how Socrates wishes to use the definition in his philosophy. I will then give what context I wish to use the Doctrine in, which amendments I will implement to make it plausible in my mind, and what it teaches us about different types of learning. Socrates definition of the Doctrine of Recollection consists of our souls, being eternal, and thus have had many lives before. They have gained all knowledge that exists because of this. The process of learning is our bodies recollecting information our souls have previously gained but have forgotten (Meno, 81b-e). The method in which the Doctrine of Recollection came to be, is established in parts of the Phaedo and Meno by Plato. In Phaedo the theory of Recollection is touched on briefly. Cebes speaks first about the theory of Recollection. Socrates then gives a more abstract definition of the Doctrine than in the Meno; he does this for Simmias, who could not recall the proof of the theory. Socrates starts by establishing that by becoming aware of one piece of knowledge can make our mind conscious of other information. Socrates gives the example if a person notices a piece of clothing or an
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