Socrates Plato Aristotle and Immanuel Kant Views on Happiness Government Religion and Objectivity
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We are taught at a very young age that we are to seek out happiness, yet no one really knows what that is. When you are a child, happiness could be found by playing with toys, and schoolmates. When we are children, our concept of happiness is minimal. As years passed, our concept of happiness becomes much more expansive. We are schooled to think that if we succeed at something, whether it is at a career, college or in relationships, we are seeking to be happy. Some people seek out happiness through religion, or a spiritual leader, "Who so trusteth in the Lord is happy" (Proverbs 4:7). It seems that everyone has their own idea as to what makes them happy. It becomes ingrained in us that seeking happiness is the point of our existence. To…show more content… His discussions of God and religion represent a measure of the evolution of his philosophical worldview. This began with his pre-critical advocacy of the rationalism in which he was educated. Then this got subjected to the systematic critique that would open the doors to his unique critical treatment (Pomerleau 2011). Finally, at the end of his life, he seemed to experiment with a more radical approach. As we follow the trajectory of this development, we see Kant moving from confidently advocating a demonstrative argument for the God of metaphysics to denying all theoretical knowledge of a theological sort, to affirming a moral argument establishing religious belief as rational, to suspicions regarding religion divorced from morality, and finally to hints of an idea of God so identified with moral duty as to be immanent rather than transcendent (Pomerleau 2011).
In government, Plato’s view is dedicated to understanding justice and virtue, and how this would relate to who would rule. Most men are only concerned with ends and consequences and are generally unjust, only a few are virtuous enough to lead the city. But justice and virtue alone are not enough. The guardians those who rule must be physically strong, lovers of wisdom and knowledge and impervious to outside experience (Plato 46-51). The guardians also lived by a separate set of rules. They would own no private property, live in a camp to themselves and protect the city from intruders. Plato also