Socrates Worldview Essay examples

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Socrates Worldview
Origin
This question focuses on why there is something rather than nothing. Socrates uses the theory of recollection as evidence to prove his theory of creation. This theory of creation introduces that our souls have an existence before this earthly life. Socrates believes that, “…the living have come from the dead no less than the dead from the living” (72a Phaedo). He then takes the previous statement and concludes, “…that if this was so, it was a sufficient proof that the souls of the dead must exist in some place from which they are reborn” (72a Phaedo). Socrates believes that souls are in preexistence and that each individual receives theirs shortly after birth.

Condition The question of condition
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He gives an example of a task by referring to a horse and a fly. He claims that God assigned him to the city, or horse, and he is a fly attached to the city, performing his assignment. Socrates claims that his actions are what his god commands and that in his belief, “no greater good has ever befallen you in this city than my service to my god…” (30a Apology). Socrates claims that he will never stop practicing philosophy because it is his duty. He will continue to try to make people pay attention to truth, understanding, and the perfection of their souls.

Morality The question of morality focuses on how we ought to be; how we ought to live. In a conversation with Crito, Socrates states, “to commit injustice is in every case bad and dishonourable for the person who does it” (49b Crito). He simply views that if an act is not just, the person who commits it will always lose from it. Socrates followed by saying “…one ought not to return an injustice or an injury to any person, whatever the provocation” (49c-d Crito). The victim should not retaliate because just as Socrates believes, committing an unjust act will always end badly. In the reading, Socrates says that even if the consequence is worth it to the person committing the unjust act, the act should still not be committed. On top of that, no matter how intense the provocation, Socrates still says do not return an injustice or injury to any person at all.
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