Solar Energy in Kazakhstan Essay

2286 Words 10 Pages
Introduction
In 21st century almost all devices work with electricity. Electricity makes activity of people easier and more comfortable. Moreover, it plays a great role in development of medicine, science, education, transport and other spheres of human’s life. However, electricity production is becoming more and more problematic because the biggest part of energy for electricity is produced by natural resources, which are neither infinite nor renewable. It means that one day mineral reserves can run out, and, as a result, there will be risk of possible energy crisis. This situation stimulates humanity to transfer to renewable power system. Countries around the world are promoting sustainable energy policies, particularly to reduce
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Moreover, there are almost 3000 hours of sunshine per year, while energy from solar radiation is 1500-1800 kW/m2/year (Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) 1997). Despite the very appropriate conditions for realization of solar energy, this resource is little used. So, Kazakhstan should pay attention to the adoption of renewable energy-supply system to the daily life and make a compelling choice between photovoltaic technology of converting sunlight into usable form and concentrated solar thermal plants in an economically and environmentally advantageous way. Hence, this paper will evaluate to what extent is solar energy suitable and viable source of carbon-free energy for Kazakhstan. Also different types of technologies necessary to make the conversion of solar energy into electricity will be examined, particularly concentrated solar power will be considered as a possible solution to the existing situation and possible energy problems in Kazakhstan.
Main Body
Dependence on coal, oil and gas and other natural resources pose a threat to the future with air pollution, changes in climate and economic instability due to the fluctuations of fuel prices. Instead of wagering on unreliable fuel materials, people should learn how to use planet’s infinite sources of renewable energy effectively. Solar energy is recognized as the most promising alternative energy in the world. The popularity of sunlight energy is attributed with inexhaustibility of…

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