Solid Waste Management: Sources and Classification

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Solid Waste Management Solid Waste Sources and Classification There are many different types of solid waste classified according to a variety of criteria, from source to potential hazard. The most basic classifications typically used in solid waste management are municipal solid waste (which includes most of the waste produced by regular and ongoing human activities, including many industrial and institutional waste by products) and non-municipal waste, which includes specific types of industrial waste and certain other non-classified and non-municipal waste products (IDEM, 2001; Sasikumar & Krishna, 2009). A reuse classification is also sometimes used to refer to any waste, regardless of the source, that can be used in the construction of landfills and does not otherwise need to be treated and disposed of in a manner similar to other types of solid waste (IDEM, 2001). Virtually all activities that take place on a significant scale produce some type of solid waste, as an examination of further classification of waste types clearly shows. Municipal waste has residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial components, and includes all non-water waste produced by housing units, retail and wholesale businesses, institutions such as prisons and hospitals, and large-scale office businesses (IDEM, 2001). Non-municipal waste includes construction/demolition debris, foundry waste, coal ash, and other similar by-products of intense refining or manufacturing operations
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