Solution Of Environmental Pollution

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Introduction

Environmental pollution as a result of man’s increasing activities such as burning of fossil fuels and automobile exhaust emission has increased considerably in the past century due mainly to significant increases in economic activities and industrialization. Burning of fossil fuels and petroleum industry activities have be identified as primary sources of atmospheric metallic burden leading to environmental pollution. In the United States, the burning of fossil fuels to make electricity is the largest source of heat-trapping pollution, producing about two billion tons of CO2 every year. The second largest source of carbon pollution is the transportation sector, generates about 1.7 billion tons of CO2 emissions every year. Several studies have shown that heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, nickel, manganese and chromium amongst others are responsible for certain diseases. Hence more Advanced Emission Detection Methods is become more important for us to control the greenhouse gases and other pollution gases emit to the atmosphere.

Combustion

The combustion of fossil fuels is the most common pollution maker in modern society. Which including petroleum products, coal and nature gas. The chemical structures of those fossil fuels are different and after reaction they could generate different greenhouse gas, also impurity fuel contains some toxic heavy metal, they may react with oxygen and exhaust into atmosphere. Lead is a common industrial metal that has become widespread in air, water, soil and food. It is naturally occurring metal that has been used in many industrial activities. In the atmosphere, lead exists primarily in the form of PbSO4 and PbCO3. Also, cadmium is a primary pollution in atmosphere, the principal form of cadmium in air is cadmium oxide, although some cadmium salts, such as cadmium chloride, can enter the air during incineration.

Petroleum Products

The most common petroleum product would be gasoline, almost every single car need gasoline to operate. And the about 1.7 billion tons of CO2 emissions every year. The reaction of gasoline with Oxygen can be shown below:
C_8 H_18+12.5 O_2 →8 CO_2+9 H_2 O
This shows the stomachic reactions between gasoline and pure oxygen, which
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