Solution Of Homelessness In Canada

1102 WordsJun 7, 20175 Pages
According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (Henry et al., 2016), over 500,000 people were homeless in the United States on one given night in January 2016. The Canadian Observatory on Homelessness reported that 35,000 people were homeless in Canada around the same time and that at least 235,000 Canadians experience homelessness at some point in a year (Gaetz et al., 2016). Although both the U.S. and Canada have made some effort toward reducing and ending homelessness, it clearly still remains a serious problem in both countries. While some communities, such as New Orleans and Bergen County in the U.S. and Medicine Hat in Canada, have made headlines for making significant progress toward ending homelessness, far more…show more content…
As homelessness became a larger issue in the country, the federal government began to pay more attention to it. In 1987, Congress passed the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, which provided funding for emergency food and shelter programs specifically designed for the homeless (Padgett et al., 2016). The Act also created the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH), which was largely inactive until 2002 (Padgett et al., 2016). At this point, federal homelessness policy managed homelessness by providing shelters and other short-term solutions, as opposed to preventing homelessness and actually getting people off the street. Despite millions of dollars from Congress funding services for the homeless, homelessness did not decrease in he U.S. during the 1980s or 1990s. Since then, an ideology known as Housing First has come into popularity, which will be elaborated on in the literature review section. The National Alliance to End Homelessness (NAEH) defines Housing First as “a homeless assistance approach that prioritizes providing people experiencing homelessness with permanent housing as quickly as possible – and then providing voluntary supportive services as needed” (“Housing First”). This

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