Solution to the Water Crisis in Sudan

1070 WordsJan 29, 20184 Pages
Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction 2 2.0 Background Study of Sudan 2 3.0 Analysis of each options 3 3.1 Cost of Operation 4 3.2 Environment Impact 5 3.3 Feasibility of Options 5 4.0 Conclusion and Recommendations 6 1.0 Introduction Water is one very essential resource for human existence. It accounts for about two thirds of the earth surface with a volume of about 1.4 billion cubic centimeter. About 97 percent of the total earth’s water is salt water from the ocean with only a minute percentage existing as freshwater accessible for direct human consumption. Freshwater is found in lakes, rivers, reservoirs and underground sources some of which are shallow enough to be tapped at an affordable cost. The lack of portable drinking water needs not be overemphasized as more than 1.2 billion people in the world lack access to clean drinking water. Globally, there seems to be an increase in economic water scarcity in addition to the already existing physical water scarcity. The situation may get worse as the needs for water increases due to city development and population growth. The arid regions are the most affected with cases of droughts which may occur as a result of consistent lack of rainfall. One country that is grossly affected by lack of rainfall is Sudan with problems of available drinking water for its populace. The report will analyze the problem of fresh water supply to the Sudan and proffer two feasible solutions. 2.0 Background Study of Sudan Sudan is situated in

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