Essay Some Effects of The Cold War

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Nearly 70 years ago, when the Soviet Union reigned in Europe along with the US, they were still in relative peace with the other world power. In fact, the “Big Three,” American President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Soviet Premier Josef Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill had frequent meetings to discuss strategy and happenings in Europe at the time. Allies they had been, but then something changed though, and growing tensions forced the powers to drift apart. Eventually, it led to the US and the Soviet Union becoming enemies, trapped in a global struggle between political, military, economic, and ideological structures. What caused this opposition, and how is it still going on today? The effect the Cold War had on the…show more content…
During this meeting, disagreements arose about the future of Eastern Europe, and Germany. Truman wanted to emphasize democracy and industrialization in Germany and the rest of the contingent world; he believed that’s what would ensure stability. Stalin, however, wanted to dismantle Germany’s industrialization capabilities to prevent the country from rising to power again; he also wanted to force the country to pay outrageous sums in war reparations. In addition, he intended to form pro-Soviet regencies in Eastern Europe to guard the USSR from future invasions. Unable to come to an understanding or compromise, the communist Josef Stalin and capitalist Harry Truman left with no agreements at all. Truman labored to clean up the chaos left over after the war and form a contemporary international order. He aided in founding the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF), also financing the reconstruction of Japan under the direction of General Douglas MacArthur. After indicting Nazi criminals at the Nuremberg Trials, Truman also prepared the Marshall Plan, an economic plan that put aside over $10 billion for rebuilding Germany. This was very successful, and within a few years Western Europe’s factories were already surpassing their prewar manufacturing levels. Despite the fact that Stalin had joined the US in forming the United Nations, he clashed with Truman on nearly every issue.
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