NSOMEs delineate from phonetic placement and sound modification procedures that are used in traditional articulation therapy due to the fact that they are not directly related to the act of speech (Muttiah, Georges, & Brackenbury, 2011). Phonetic treatments also target
Articulation disorders can present its way in a large array of severity. For a basic inability to pronounce word clearly to being unable to communicate intelligible to others. This disorder may be hard diagnoses and treat. When articulations issues happen it should not be taken lightly or ignored.
Procedure. Movement of the articulators were examined using the EMA AG-200 system. Like the previous study, five sensors were attached to the participant’s articulators, including: the bridge of the nose, the maxilla above the upper central incisors, the jaw, tongue back, and tongue tip. The first two sensors were used as references to provide information about head movements. The participants were instructed to repeat the syllables /ta/ and /ka/ as fast as they could and as many times as they could on a single breath while maintaining
Aphasia is communication disorder that impairs a person language as a result of brain damage (WebMD Medical, 2014). The disorder impacts a person receptive and expressive communication abilities as well as reading and written language. Aphasia makes it difficult for people to communicate effectively with others that can lead to misunderstanding their needs or wants. Brain damage can result from a stroke, head injury, brain tumor, an infection or dementia. There are several types of aphasia in which each type of impairment are classified into two general categories of fluent aphasia and non-fluent aphasia. Fluent aphasia demonstrates a person's ability
research the development of lighting and sound from the earliest explorations and uses to the present day. Explain how sound and lights have been used to enhance productions.
W.C., a 26 year 11 month old woman, was brought to the Florida Atlantic University-Communication Disorders Clinic (FAU-CDC) by her boyfriend for a Speech-Language Evaluation. She was referred to the FAU-CDC by her neurologist for word finding difficulties and a possible articulation disorder after a left hemisphere hemorrhagic stroke one month ago. According to her boyfriend, W.C.’s symptoms began immediately following her stroke and are characterized by word finding difficulties, slowed and choppy speech, and mispronunciation of certain consonants that is affecting intelligibility along with a strained voice.
On the articulation subtest of the DEAP X produced errors /ϴ/→ /f/, /ð/ → /d/ in all positions, as well as /k/→ /t/ and /g/→ /d/ in initial position. She also produced /ts/ → /tʃ/ in the final position of a word. X produced lateralizations of /ʃ/ and /s/ in all positions. The phonology subtest assess phonological processes in both single words and connected speech. On the phonology subtest she demonstrated fronting of /k/→ /t/ in initial position and blends. The single word-connected speech subtest indicated inconsistent errors when fronting /t/→ /k/. The scores based on the three subtests indicate the client produces distortions of /s/ and /sh/, as well as typical simplifications for /k/, /g/, /ϴ/, and /ð/
A contributing factor to this is how difficult it is for people with aphasia to produce sentences that flow smoothly and to connect their sentences. Computer software is helpful in speech therapy because it allows the patients to be able to record themselves speaking, replay it so they can hear exactly what they sound like, and be able to string together partial sentences. This computer program helps the patient produce sentences as they are being formulated. The goal of this program is to “investigate the utility of a two-step treatment that supplements improvements achieved from the use of the software with explicit structural treatment.” (Aphasiology 2009). The results of this study show that this specific approach improves the speech of patients suffering from aphasia, even chronic and non-fluent
Child hood Apraxia of Speech is a motor speech disorder that affects children’s ability to say sounds, syllables, and words. The brain has trouble coordinating muscle movements that are needed for speech. The child knows exactly what to speak, but the brain has trouble coordinating the muscle movements. It is different for every person that has this type of disorder. In some other cases, it can be an unknown cause, meaning it can happen out of the blue, or by mutations. One of the articles is based off of reliability and validity testing and scoring by the Dynamic Evaluation of Motor Speech Skills, while the other has different assessments that were tested and transcribed.
Each participant was assessed by a speech-language pathologist in a quiet room as a part of the pre-treatment assessment. Each participant’s speech, oromotor, and receptive language skills were assessed to determine their differential diagnosis. The participant’s speech skills were assessed by using the Articulation, Inconsistency and Phonological Assessments of the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology (DEAP). This assessment allowed researcher to obtain standard scores with a mean of 10 and normal range of 7-13 (Crosbie et al. 2005). The speech-language pathologist who conducted the assessment made on-line transcriptions of the data. These transcriptions were then compared to the audio recordings of the session to determine
There are many different language delays and disorders found in the pediatric population. Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is one of the most common of these disorders. Dr. Libby Kumin defines CAS as “a motor speech disorder where children have difficulty planning, coordinating, producing and sequencing speech sounds” (Kumin, n.d.). Apraxia does not occur because of weakness or paralysis of facial and oral muscles. It occurs when a child’s brain cannot properly plan the movement of body parts necessary for normal speech production (“Childhood Apraxia,” 2011). Though CAS is the most common name for this specific disorder, it is also referred to as a variety of other names. Some of these names include: dyspraxia, developmental
Alyson Taylor is an Apraxia advocate after her personal experiences with the disorder. In the mid-ninties, she was diagnosed with Apraxia at three-years-old. There was very little known about this speech disorder and, consequently, her parents were very limited in resources and information. She attended speech therapy for thirteen years at her public school as well as a local college that offered speech therapy, California State University of Northridge (CSUN). There was such a deprivation of Apraxia knowledge that Alyson was actually CSUN’s first case study for Apraxia of Speech to help further the school’s Apraxia knowledge and treatments for future generations.
The topic of this annotated bibliography is communicating with people who have Aphasia. Aphasia is neurological condition that occurs when the tissues in the left hemisphere of the brain that are responsible for speech, reading and writing are impaired (National Institute of Neurological Disorders, 2013). The main signs of this disorder are: trouble in articulating oneself when speaking, difficulty understanding speech, and problems with reading and writing. Aphasia is usually caused by a stroke, severe head trauma, brain tumors, and brain infections (National Institute of Neurological Disorders, 2013). Aspasia is more common in elderly individuals, The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) states that Aphasia will occur in 15% percent of persons under the age of 65 and will increase to 43% for people that are 85 years of age and older (National Institute of Neurological Disorders, 2013).
Clinical Implications: Minimal-contrast treatment is effective and efficient for treating children with phonological disability. Avoiding listener confusion is motivating for suppressing process use.
Aphasia is a language disorder that can be the result of a brain injury. An individual that is suffering from aphasia may experience difficulty speaking, writing, reading, or comprehending. There are three different types of Aphasia that differ in various ways. First, Wernicke’s Aphasia is the inability to grasp the meaning of words and sentences that have been produced by another individual. This type of aphasia is also known as “fluent aphasia” or “receptive aphasia”. Wernicke patients’ speech may come across like a jumble of words or jargon, but it is very well articulated and they have no issue producing their own connected speech. If the patient is consecutively making errors, it is common for them to be unaware of their difficulties, and not realize that their sentences don’t make sense. The severity of the disorder varies depending on the patient, and the disorder results form damage in the left posterior temporal region of the brain, which is also known as Wernicke’s area.